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Heart Surgery

Heart Surgery 2023

Heart Surgery for Adults

India has emerged as a leading destination for adult heart surgeries, offering a wide range of advanced treatments at a significantly lower cost compared to Western countries. The following are common types of heart surgeries available in India:

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG): This procedure is performed to bypass blocked or damaged coronary arteries by creating alternative pathways for blood flow. It involves using a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body to create a bypass around the blockage.

Valve Replacement Surgery: This surgery involves replacing a damaged or diseased heart valve with a synthetic or biological valve. It can be performed through traditional open-heart surgery or minimally invasive techniques.

Aortic Aneurysm Repair: An aortic aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of the aorta that can pose life-threatening complications if it ruptures. Surgery is necessary to repair the aneurysm by replacing the weakened section of the aorta with a synthetic graft.

Arrhythmia Surgery: This surgical procedure is performed to treat abnormal heart rhythms that do not respond to medication or other treatments. It may involve removing or disrupting the tissue responsible for the abnormal rhythm or implanting devices like pacemakers or defibrillators.

Heart Transplant: Heart transplant is a complex surgery that involves replacing a patient’s diseased heart with a healthy heart from a deceased donor. It is typically considered for patients with end-stage heart failure who have exhausted other treatment options.

India offers advanced heart surgeries delivered by experienced cardiac surgeons, equipped with state-of-the-art infrastructure, and at affordable costs. These factors make India a popular choice for medical tourism in the field of cardiac care.

heart surgery

Angioplasty, also referred to as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), is a minimally invasive procedure widely utilized in India for treating coronary artery disease (CAD) in adults.

During an angioplasty, a thin tube called a catheter, equipped with a balloon at its end, is carefully inserted into a narrowed or blocked artery in the heart. Once the catheter is in position, the balloon is inflated, pushing aside the plaque or obstruction, thereby enhancing blood flow. In some cases, a stent, a small mesh tube, may be placed in the artery to help maintain its openness.

Angioplasty is generally conducted on an outpatient basis, enabling patients to return home on the same day. Recovery time is relatively swift, with most individuals resuming their regular activities within a few days. The procedure is deemed safe and effective, posing a low risk of complications.

India boasts numerous hospitals and medical centers that provide angioplasty services, staffed by highly skilled and experienced cardiologists proficient in performing the procedure. Additionally, the cost of angioplasty in India is typically lower compared to other countries, rendering it an appealing choice for international patients seeking affordable yet top-quality medical treatment.

Cardiac bypass surgery, known as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), is a widely practiced surgical procedure utilized to treat blockages in the coronary arteries, which are responsible for supplying blood to the heart. In India, this procedure is performed by highly trained cardiac surgeons in modern, well-equipped hospitals that boast state-of-the-art facilities.

During the surgery, the patient is placed under general anesthesia, and the surgeon makes an incision in the chest to gain access to the heart. A healthy blood vessel, typically sourced from the leg or chest, is then taken and connected to the blocked artery, effectively bypassing the obstruction and restoring blood flow to the heart.

CABG encompasses various techniques, including traditional CABG, minimally invasive CABG, and off-pump CABG. In traditional CABG, the chest is opened, and the heart is temporarily stopped to enable the surgeon to perform the bypass. Minimally invasive CABG involves making smaller incisions, and the heart is not stopped during the procedure. Off-pump CABG, a form of minimally invasive CABG, involves stabilizing the heart using specialized tools without stopping it.

Following the surgery, the patient receives close monitoring in the hospital for several days, potentially requiring a stay of up to a week. Recovery time varies depending on the type of CABG performed and the patient’s overall health, but most individuals can resume normal activities within six weeks to three months.

In India, cardiac bypass surgery is performed by highly skilled and experienced surgeons who employ the latest techniques and technologies to ensure optimal outcomes for their patients. The cost of the procedure in India is notably lower compared to many other countries, making it an affordable option for international patients seeking high-quality cardiac care.

Valve replacement surgery is a well-established medical procedure used to treat individuals with diseased heart valves. In India, this surgery is widely performed across various hospitals in the country.

The procedure involves replacing a diseased heart valve with a new artificial valve. There are two types of artificial valves used in valve replacement surgery: mechanical valves and biological valves. Mechanical valves are constructed from synthetic materials, offering durability but necessitating lifelong blood-thinning medication. On the other hand, biological valves are crafted from animal or human tissue, providing convenience without the need for blood-thinning medication, although they are generally less durable.

Valve replacement surgery is typically conducted under general anesthesia and requires a few days of hospitalization for proper recovery. The procedure is considered safe and effective, with a low risk of complications. Nonetheless, as with any surgical intervention, potential risks and complications, such as bleeding, infection, or damage to the heart or blood vessels, may arise.

In India, valve replacement surgery is performed by highly skilled and experienced cardiac surgeons who have access to state-of-the-art facilities and equipment. Patients can expect comprehensive care from a dedicated team of healthcare professionals.

The cost of valve replacement surgery in India may vary depending on the specific hospital and its location. Private hospitals may charge higher fees compared to government hospitals. However, overall, the cost of the procedure in India tends to be lower than in many other countries, rendering it an appealing option for individuals considering medical tourism.

Patients in India may also have access to cardiac rehabilitation programs aimed at enhancing overall heart health and minimizing the risk of future cardiac issues.

Pacemaker implantation is a common cardiac procedure in India. The pacemaker is a small device that is implanted under the skin of the chest, near the collarbone. The pacemaker sends electrical impulses to the heart muscles, which help the heart to beat in a regular rhythm.

The procedure for pacemaker implantation is done under local anesthesia. A small incision is made in the chest, and a lead wire is threaded through a vein into the heart. The lead wire is connected to the pacemaker, which is then implanted under the skin. The procedure typically takes around an hour to complete.

There are different types of pacemakers available in India, including single-chamber pacemakers, dual-chamber pacemakers, and biventricular pacemakers. The type of pacemaker chosen will depend on the patient’s condition and the specific needs of their heart.

In India, pacemaker implantation is performed by highly skilled cardiac surgeons and cardiologists. The procedure is relatively safe and has a high success rate. Patients are usually discharged within a day or two of the procedure and are advised to avoid strenuous activity for a few weeks.

The cost of pacemaker implantation in India is lower than in many other countries, making it an affordable option for international patients. The cost will depend on the type of pacemaker chosen and the hospital where the procedure is performed.

Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment for individuals experiencing heart failure with weakened or damaged heart muscles. This therapy involves the implantation of a specialized pacemaker, known as a biventricular pacemaker, which helps synchronize the contractions of the heart’s chambers.

During the CRT procedure, a cardiologist surgically implants a small device beneath the skin of the chest. This device consists of three leads: one placed in the right atrium, another in the right ventricle, and a third in the left ventricle. Through carefully programmed electrical impulses, the device stimulates the heart’s chambers to contract in sync, thus improving the heart’s pumping efficiency.

CRT is typically recommended for individuals with moderate-to-severe heart failure who have not responded well to other treatment options like medication or lifestyle changes. By reducing symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and swelling, CRT can significantly enhance quality of life and lower the risk of hospitalization.

In India, cardiac resynchronization therapy is a widely performed procedure, facilitated by a multitude of experienced and skilled cardiologists proficient in the implantation process. One significant advantage is that the cost of CRT in India is generally more affordable compared to many other countries. This affordability factor makes India an attractive choice for international patients seeking high-quality cardiac care at a reasonable price point.

India is renowned for its highly successful and cost-effective pediatric cardiac surgeries. The country boasts a pool of exceptionally skilled and experienced pediatric cardiac surgeons who specialize in performing intricate heart surgeries on infants, children, and teenagers.

Pediatric cardiac surgeries commonly performed in India encompass a range of procedures, including:

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) closure: This surgical intervention focuses on repairing a hole in the wall that separates the heart’s upper chambers.

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) closure: This procedure involves the mending of a hole in the wall that divides the heart’s lower chambers.

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair: Surgeons undertake this surgery to correct a combination of four congenital heart defects present at birth.

Arterial Switch Operation (ASO): This operation aims to rectify a condition in which the two primary arteries exiting the heart are reversed.

Fontan procedure: This surgery is performed to enhance circulation in children born with a single functioning ventricle.

India houses some of the finest pediatric cardiac hospitals equipped with cutting-edge technology and state-of-the-art facilities. These hospitals boast dedicated pediatric cardiac intensive care units that provide round-the-clock specialized care to young patients during their recovery phase post-surgery.

International patients seeking pediatric cardiac surgeries in India can expect world-class medical care, affordable costs, and a supportive team of medical professionals.

ASD (Atrial Septal Defect) repair surgery is a frequently performed pediatric cardiac procedure in India. Its purpose is to address a congenital heart defect where a hole exists in the wall separating the heart’s upper chambers (atria).

The surgery is conducted under general anesthesia and typically lasts between 2 to 4 hours. During the procedure, a small incision is made on the chest, usually on the right side, through which a specialized instrument is employed to close the atrial septal defect. In certain cases, a patch or suture may be used to seal the hole.

Following the surgery, the patient receives close monitoring in the intensive care unit (ICU) for several days before being transferred to a regular hospital room. A few additional days of hospitalization are necessary for recovery and post-operative care.

India boasts advanced cardiac centers and proficient pediatric cardiac surgeons who achieve a high success rate in performing ASD repair surgeries. Moreover, the cost of this procedure in India is comparatively lower than in other countries, rendering it an appealing choice for international patients seeking top-quality and affordable medical treatment.

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart condition characterized by a hole in the wall between the heart’s lower chambers (ventricles). This defect can lead to complications such as irregular heartbeats, heart failure, and elevated lung blood pressure.

The primary treatment for VSD is VSD repair surgery, which aims to close the hole in the heart’s wall. This procedure can be performed through open-heart surgery or a minimally invasive technique known as transcatheter closure.

In India, numerous hospitals specialize in cardiac surgery and provide advanced treatment options for international patients. The cost of VSD repair surgery in India is generally more affordable compared to other countries, making it a desirable choice for individuals seeking high-quality medical care at a reasonable cost.

In summary, VSD repair surgery is a common and effective treatment for VSD. India is renowned for its exceptional hospitals and highly skilled cardiac surgeons, making it a preferred destination for international patients in search of top-notch medical care at an affordable price.

Where can I get a heart surgery in India?
What is the cost of heart surgery in India?
Affordable Paediatric Heart surgery in India

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